The surname of Hitler for Jewish history is one of the most terrible. It was during the time of Hitler that the Jewish people suffered significantly and even found themselves on the verge of extinction.
Hitler’s policy was basically anti-Semitic. Initially, the Jews began to lose their rights. However, this policy soon led to the beginning of their destruction. The question arises: why did Hitler dislike the Jews so much?
Atmosphere of intolerance towards Jews
Do not think that Hitler was the inventor of anti-Semitism. Hatred of the Jews originates from ancient times, starting from the time of the crucifixion of Christ. Since the beginning of the 20th century, hatred has been widespread among the European population. Let us recall the same pogroms in the Russian Empire at the beginning of the 20th century, to which the authorities turned a blind eye. As for Germany and the German population, back in the 19th and 20th centuries, many nationalist and pan-German movements arose in Germany and Austria, which had a bright anti-Semitic color and considered the Jews as enemies.
There were many myths around Jewishness. Like the fact that they commit ritual murders of Christian children. A popular movement that arose in the late nineteenth century called the Jews an alien race and supported their oppression. And the famous Georg von Schenerer, being an anti-Semite, had a serious influence on Hitler and his views.
In general, the atmosphere in Europe, even in the thirties of the XX century, was quite hostile towards the Jews and the infringement of their rights with the advent of Hitler to power, in fact, did not worry much about many European governments, which before the start of World War II were more less loyal to Hitler.
That is why Hitler’s anti-Semitic rhetoric so easily worked for the Germans. Hitler only strengthened the consciousness of people that the Jews are enemies who are guilty of all their troubles. Such a concept explained everything as simply and clearly as possible, pointing to a single enemy.
Stab in the back
This concept was popular in the then German society and was also supported by Hitler. What did she mean by herself? Many Germans believed that Germany lost in World War 1 purely because of internal traitors who ruined the army and then surrendered to the Entente countries. This conspiracy theory blamed the loss of World War I on communists, social democrats and Jews. Its adherents believed that if not for these internal traitors, then Germany could have won this war. The German army was still able to fight in the eighteenth year.
The conspiracy theory became even more popular due to the fact that Germany signed the act of surrender despite the fact that the Entente countries did not seize German lands. This raised many questions.
The concept gained popularity among nationalists, conservatives and, most importantly, among the military circles. Hitler himself sincerely believed in this state of affairs and laid the blame on the traitors of the Jews, who were alien to the Kaiser regime, and Germany as a whole.
Hitler was a fan of all sorts of conspiracy theories and believed in other theories in addition to being stabbed in the back. For example, he believed in protocol of the Elders of Zion. That the Jews are going to establish world domination. He also believed in their evil thoughts regarding the European nation, that they say the Jews want to destroy them. He believed in the world government, and so on.
In fact, again, all these theories were quite common and popular among ordinary Germans. Because Hitler often used it in his rhetoric. And, most importantly, he sincerely believed in them.
Hitler considered the concept of communism hostile to the German people, as it was based on cosmopolitanism and the rejection of nationalism. Adolf saw this as a threat to the existence of the German nation and race. The German communists were quite radically opposed to the Kaiser Germany and the old order, which they tried to destroy in every possible way.
During the Russian Revolution, there were even attempts to create socialist republics in Germany. For example, the Bavarian and Bremen Soviet republics arose there for a short time. Therefore, all communists were a priori considered as enemies of Germany, who tried to destroy it. Which, again, was partly true, based on the communist concept of the World Revolution.
Also, Hitler was influenced by the experience of Russia, where the Bolsheviks came to power and began to put their ideology into practice. It was in Soviet Russia that Hitler always saw the main enemy of the German National Socialist. And even before coming to power, he often promised to defeat the Bolsheviks.
How are communists and Jews connected? Hitler had a prejudice that these are actually synonymous concepts. Since it was the Jews who were at the head of the communists. Again, such prejudices were not born out of thin air. And in truth, there were quite a few Jews among the communist leaders, even the creator of the ideology, Karl Marx, was a Jew.
At the same time, there were many Germans among the German communists. Even the communist leader Ernst Thalmann, who fought Hitler in the elections, came from an ordinary German family. Therefore, all Hitler’s prejudices that all communists were Jews were false, though not unfounded.
They also became the basis for Hitler’s Nazism. Racology becomes a popular trend in Europe at the end of the 19th century and at the beginning of the 20th century. She argues that there are many races and they are not all equal, and mixing between races leads to degeneration. Hitler was also imbued with this idea and put it at the core of his party.
The most interesting thing is that there were quite a few racial concepts, in some of which Jews were classified as a white race. However, Gunther’s racial theory formed the basis of Hitler’s vision of this issue. It was based on the concept of 6 European subraces, headed by the Nords – the Aryans. The rest were considered inferior and were destroyed. It was believed that the superior race was superior to the rest in everything: in intellect, in relation to work, in physical abilities, and so on. Mixing between higher and lower races was forbidden, as it led to the degeneration of the people.
Jews were classified as inferior races that were subjected to liquidation. It is worth noting that it was the racial theory that radicalized anti-Semitism quite strongly. If before the Jews, in order to avoid oppression, it was enough just to be baptized, after which they were no longer considered as such. With the advent of racial theory, the concept of anti-Semitism acquired a physiological character that the Jews simply could not get rid of. It was this concept that gave rise to the idea of eliminating the Jews as a people.
In 1935, Hitler introduces racial laws that deprive Jews of their citizenship and restrict their rights. For example, to engage in certain professions. In parallel with this, the process of Aryanization is taking place, according to which Jewish property was confiscated in favor of the Aryans, thereby depriving both business and the possibility of subsistence.
All this ended with the fact that already with the beginning of the war, a plan was approved for the final solution of the Jewish question, where it was decided to destroy the Jews physically.